maruthu pandiyar

Although the accuracy of the story is questionable, it gave them a legendary status and made them well known throughout the kingdom and requested the Ramnad king to assign them to serve the Sivaganga state army. Meanwhile, the brothers, who were the ad hoc rulers of the kingdom, began gathering support from smaller rulers, even those who supported Tipu Sultan in his fight against the British. He repaired and garrisoned Tirupatore, the key to Sivaganga, with his own troops, destroyed the barriers erected by the rebels, cleared the roads which had been blocked and established military posts. While they won the battle at Viruppatchi, they lost the other two battles. They were finally hanged by the British after a prolonged struggle.

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Thus practically the poligars came under the Company.

The opportunity was thrown in the Second Mysore War in As the father of the Maruthus was an Army Commander, they received military training from him. Grim defeat Marufhu days pandjyar, they were hanged.

The Marudus continued as ministers. The brothers led the fight of the rebels by employing guerrilla tactics in the deep jungles of Thiruverkadu, as C Balakrishnan noted in his book A Struggle for Freedom in the Red soil of South India. This precipitated a clash, In consequence of which the Rani was forced to seek shelter in the fort of Sivaganga.

Maruthu Pandiyar

They continued that even after Muthuramalinga was reinstated. The Company now doubted whether it could rely upon the Nawab pxndiyar any material support. After the defeat of Tipu Sultan in Mysore, the rebellious Kattabomman Pandiya of Panchalamkurichi was killed for resisting taxation by the British.


It was around this time that the East India Company was penetrating the Southern reaches ;andiyar India, tackling one kingdom at a time. Determined to suppress the Marudus, the Nawab in sought military assistance from Fort St. With those mass executions, the British East India Company and its allies successfully put an end to a fierce rebellion by the Southern kingdoms of India — a revolt that is pandihar remembered, and barely finds mention in history textbooks.

They belonged neither to the family of the ancient poligars nor to their division of the caste, but were retainers of the family. The tributes of smaller powers were reduced. But an exception was made for one son of Periya Maruthu called Doraisamy, who was banished to Malaysia. According to Rajendran and Mari Servai, the male heirs pandyar the family of an executed leader were usually pardoned by the British.

Fullorton directed the Marudhus to clear the arrears of tributes but the latter withdrew to the woods of Kalayarkoil and assembled about 10, armed men. However the administration was restored to the Nawab in when the Third Mysore War ended. These marjthu surrounded Maruthu Pandiyars’ army at Kalayar Koil, and the latter scattered. On October 24,two middle-aged brothers were publicly hanged to death at the Tirupputhur fort of southern Tamil Nadu.

Remembering the Maruthu Pandiyar brothers, the leaders of the South Indian Rebellion of 1801

The Nawab sought to consolidate his gains. They started their career as menial servants in the palace of Raja Muthuvaduga Thevar of Sivagangai. They acted as the Minister and Dalavoy of the Raja. After this reverse, the Marudus retired to their strongholds in the jungles of Kalayarkoil. Accordingly, the Nawab granted peace to the Marudus but fixed the peishcush at an enhanced rate of three lakhs of rupees.


After the death of Muhammad Ali and on the accession of Umdut-ul-umara on 13th Octoberthe Madras Council found an opportunity to assert itself but rather unconstitutionally.

The First War of Independence According to Mari Servai, a Tamil writer who authored a booklet on the brothers, the Maruthu Pandiyars knew that by issuing such a proclamation, they were endangering their lives and their kingdom. While they won the battle at Viruppatchi, they lost the other two battles. But their time in the palace was to soon come to an end.

Maruthu Pandiyar – Wikipedia

The Carnatic treaty of was very advantageous to the Company. Webarchive template wayback links Use Indian English from July All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English Use dmy dates from August All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from December Year of birth missing. In the proclamation ofthe Maruthu Pandiyar brothers said: For Sivagangai the reduced amount was Rs.

Legend has it that the brothers even saved the king from a wild tiger, without the use of weapons, thereby gaining his favour. Now both the States were armed against each other and entered into hostilities marked by mutual incursions, free-booting and killing of inhabitants.

They soon became close allies of the brothers and played a key role in the war.