The multi-functional display device may include a display for displaying broadcast programs or data, a network interface configured to receive event information associated with a social network service SNS account for an individual or entity, a storage device configured to store at least one channel number and at least one SNS account information assigned to the at least one channel number, and a controller for controlling the multi-functional display device. Also, 2-mm, 4-hole with gap conventional 2-D and 6-hole with gap 3-D stainless steel miniplates were used. Journal List Ann Maxillofac Surg v. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. Patients of both groups were evaluated for malunion, non-union, damage to root by screw, implant failure, infection at site, neurosensory deficit, occlusal discrepancy, and postoperative mobility at fracture site. Mobile terminal and 3D image controlling method thereof.
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Out of 28 patients in our study, 18 were male Condylar fractures — open vs closed reduction: Easy use, good resistance against torque forces, and compact form of the plates were some of their advantages.
Also, as the symphysis fractures are under greater degree of torsional strain than any other area of the mandible, 3-D plates 33d higher stability in this region.
Oral and Maxillofacial Traumotology. J Maxillofac Oral Surg.
Conventional 2.0 mm miniplates versus 3-D plates in mandibular fractures
One case of tooth damage at the symphysis region was reported among Group I patients. Three dimensional miniplates rigid fixation in fracture mandible. Support Center Support Center. Postoperative X-ray was taken to evaluate reduction and fixation of fracture.
In the region of angle, 3-D plate was placed in such way that vertical strut was perpendicular to external oblique ridge. In our study, not a single patient treated by 3-D plate developed infection or plate failure, which is not in accordance with Zix et al.
Duration of surgery was measured from incision to closure of wound. In Group I, none of patients had immediate postoperative mobility present at the fracture site [ Table 4 ]. Sadhwani and Sonal Anchlia. Natl J Maxillofac Surg.
23 3D images for Bipin
Table 4 Comparsion of complication between group I and group II. Out of 14 patients treated by conventional 2-mm miniplates, 2 patients developed occlusal discrepancy, another 2 had postoperative mobility at fracture site, and 1 developed plate failure and subsequent infection, which was treated by removal of the plate under antibiotic coverage. Group II was treated using 2-dimensional 2-D 2-mm miniplates.
In the body region, difference was not significant, average time of 7 min more was taken by 3-D plates; whereas, in the symphysis and parasymphysis region, 20 min more was taken for 3-D plate fixation than for 2-D miniplates.
J Oral Maxillofac Surg. This finding coincides with the study of Feledy et al. Advantage of conventional 2-D miniplates over 3-D miniplates is their small size and easy adaptability, which minimizes the chances of tooth damage [ Table 4 ].
Table 3 Distribution of fracture site, favorability of fracture site, methods of fixation of fracture site. Also, a broad platform is created that may increase the resistance to the torsional forces along the axis of the plate.
The diameter of head of screw was 2. Table 1 Pattern of etiology of fracture in the present study. Table 2 Gender distribution of patients. Postoperative intermaxillary fixation was avoided and done only if required or when occlusion was deranged.
Difficulty in adaptation, bulk of the plates, scar formation due to extraoral approach, and increased chances of nerve injury were their disadvantages Concept of semi-rigid fixation: The damage occurred due to the larger size of 3-D plate and insufficient vertical height of anterior mandible.
Rigid internal fixation of fracture in angular region of mandible: This theory coincides with the study of Alkan et al. X-ray OPG shows fractured 2. Eight patients had bilateral mandible fracture and 12 had unilateral fracture.