Excessive overheating caused by rapid firing about rounds trough a barrel resulted in unacceptable wear of the bore rendering the barrel useless. As it is recoil-operated and fired from an open bolt, the weapon must be manually charged with the side-mounted charging handle. Sheet metal stamping was used for the barrel jacket and at the receiver and reduced reliance on machining and skilled labor added more production value in the long run. Please try again later. Production during the war amounted to over , units 17, units in , , in , , in , and 61, in The other prototype was plagued with excessive ejection failures and to a lesser extent failures to feed.
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Weapon-technical Handbook for the MG 42 ] in German. The quick barrel changing and belt feed systems were considered some of the best design features.
MG42 Machine Gun
It is most macine for its very high cyclic rate for a gun using full power service cartridges, averaging about 1, rounds per minute compared to around for the MG 34, and perhaps to for other common machine guns like the M Browning or Bren. Due to the relatively limited production of semi-automatic and assault rifles, the Karabiner 98k of which over 14, were mafhine remained the primary service weapon until the last days of World War II, and was manufactured until the surrender in May Saginaw Steering Gear Division of General Motors received a contract to construct two working converted MG 42 prototypes designated as the T24 machine gun.
The US Army wanted to be able to manufacture this general-purpose gun because it was technically advanced and much easier to make than the World War II US light and medium machine guns machihe it was decided to convert several MG 42s to fire.
The different versions meant ,achine the service life of an MG 42 barrel varied between 3, and 8, rounds assuming the barrel was used according to regulation that prohibited rapid firing over rounds. Minors under the age of 18 must be accompanied by a legal guardian.
This was vital for winter conditions where contact by bare flesh on cold metal could mt42 severe injury, such as instant frostbite. The high cyclic rate of fire of the MG 42 sometimes proved a liability mainly in that, while the weapon could gnu used to devastating effect, it could quickly exhaust its ammunition supply. As personal small arms the squad leader was issued a rifle or as of around a submachine gunthe machine gunner and his assistant were issued pistols and the deputy squad leader, ammunition carrier and the riflemen were issued rifles.
MG 42 – Wikipedia
By employing different projectiles and successively improved chemical propellants, the dual goal of most arms designers has…. This is the weapon that the famous British Bren medium machinegun is based on.
The MG 3 and its preceding variants all share a high level of parts interchangeability with the original MG Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The original rotating bolt function was dropped, however, as it was now replaced by a Polish-inspired method using a recoil-operated, roller-locked action.
In the tripod mounted medium machine gun role MG 42 users were trained to fire short bursts and bursts of 20 to 50 rounds and strive to optimize their aim between bursts fired in succession. World War II infantry tactics: The MG 34S could cope with a cyclic fire rate of 1, rounds per minute. Starting in these Browning M were largely replaced by the MG 42 with modified barrel and bolt for the new 7.
It weighs without bipod The millimeters Some engineering changes were to use a barrel chambered for the.
The gun like the MG 34 was sometimes called “Spandau” by British troops, a traditional generic term for all German machine guns, left over from the famous Allied nickname for the MG 08 Maxim -derivative used by German forces during World War I and derived from its manufacturer ‘s plates noting the city of Spandau where some were produced. Retrieved 10 October The MG 42 belt-feed mechanism was copied and used in the design of the M60 machine gun.
As excellent as the multi-role MG34 machine gun of was to become, it became painfully apparent to German authorities that the weapon was too fine a firearm for the continuous demand of wartime production. Military Small-Arms of the 20th century London: The MG42 was designed in Germany inand it was placed in action on all fronts by mid Engineers continued to further the MG42 and this produced the short-lived MG45 model but the endeavor as a whole fell to naught as Germany crumbled on all sides.
The first version looks very much like machime MG If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login.